A well coordinated response is needed in emergencies -INEE is showing the way in terms of making resources available to all those working in present emergencies and those planning for preparation in case of future emergencies.
INEE update on the situation in Haiti:
The total number of children and youth under the age of 18 affected by the earthquake is estimated to be 1.26 million. Within that number, approximately 700,000 are primary school age children between 6 to 12 years old. There were approximately 800,000 persons with disabilities prior to the earthquake, including 200,000 children, with an additional 194,000 to 250,000 people thought to have been injured in the earthquake. Moreover, it is estimated that 450,000 children are displaced as a result of the earthquake, both within Haiti and in border areas with the Dominican Republic. The youth population of Haiti is also significant, though figures on the number of affected adolescents and youth have yet to be determined.
Impact on Education
In addition to the large number of school age children affected by the earthquake, high numbers of teachers and other education personnel have been killed and injured. While full data on the impact of the earthquake on the education system in Haiti is still not available, early indicators suggest that 90% of schools are damaged in affected areas and between 30-40% are damaged in indirectly affected areas. One estimate states the number of schools affected by the disaster is likely to be between 3,500 and 4,600. The Education Cluster estimates that 3 million children are not in school.
Schools in the non-affected or indirectly affected areas officially re-opened on 1 February 2010. However, parents are reticent to send their children to school due to fear of aftershocks and concern for their wellbeing after the stressful experiences many children and youth have witnessed. The UN news service says that only 10% of schools in the Port-au-Prince are functional, with 40% open in the southern port city of Jacmel and other localities. It is anticipated that schooling in the affected areas will restart in March 2010 in an effort not to lose valuable time in the current school year.
Coordination and Emergency Response
“We can’t afford to waste a school year. Even if our buildings are destroyed, we can set up tents so the children who are still alive can come back to school to learn,” Louis Montespoir, Director of the Daniel Fignole School in Port-au-Prince.
The Education Cluster in Port-au-Prince, co-led by UNICEF and Save the Children, is working closely with the Ministry of Education and Professional Training in Haiti (MENFP) and is meeting regularly with representatives from around 30 agencies, including the MENFP, UN agencies, NGOs, and the private sector. Within the Education Cluster, working groups have been established to address early childhood development, psychosocial support, disaster risk reduction, early recovery, curriculum, capacity development, construction, and media and communication. The Education Cluster is also liaising closely with the Child Protection Sub-Cluster and the Psychosocial and Mental Health Coordinator to ensure that critical linkages between education, psychosocial well-being and protection are made in the response and recovery efforts.
Initial work has identified five priorities for the Education Sector:
(1) opening of schools in non-affected areas and affected areas (foreseen during March 2010);
(2) temporary schooling and planning for reconstruction of school buildings both in affected and non-affected areas;
(3) psychosocial support for teachers and from teachers to learners;
(4) support to education authorities and administrators tasked with the national coordination of the response and the eventual reconstruction of the system
(5) needs assessment and analysis to gain a fuller picture and to inform medium to longer-term planning.
In consultation with the MENFP, the Education Cluster is in the process of developing a full strategy and implementation plan for the next six months. Notes from Cluster meetings can be found on the Haiti Education Cluster OneResponse webpage here.
A team from MENFP has conducted a rapid audit of damage to the education sector, the results of which are due to be available in the coming days. The Education Cluster shared tools and expertise in support of the the MENFP assessment. . A follow-up Joint Rapid Needs Assessment by the Education Cluster will begin shortly with a focus on immediate needs within a 45 day window, in order to determine needs for the resumption of schools and establishment of? safe learning areas.. This exercise will build on the data collected by the MENFP and will feed into a planned Post-Disaster Needs Assessment.
The Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) is being led by the Government of Haiti and supported by planning partners including the UN, European Union, World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. The PDNA is due to begin in March and will look comprehensively at the recovery needs of all major sectors, including education sector. The MENFP will provide a dedicated focal point to support the PDNA, and the Education Cluster will contribute by sharing data, supporting the design of data collection tools, and participating in the analysis of the findings.
Strong support for all phases of the needs assessment process is critical; organisations are urged to make resources available at country level in the areas of data collection, entry and analysis; logistics; and technical support. Immediate support is needed over the next four weeks. For further information or to offer support, please contact Charlotte Lattimer, Global Education Cluster Knowledge Management Advisor, who is supporting the coordination of assessment efforts:firstname.lastname@example.org.
The first Flash Appeal for Haiti is now 96% funded. After a slow start, Education is 85% funded having received $19,692,824 of the total $23,050,000 requested. A revised Flash Appeal is currently being finalized, and it is anticipated that the revised needs for the education sector will total approximately $80 million, based on projects from 11 appealing agencies in Haiti and 5 appealing agencies in the Dominican Republic.
The target launch date for the revised Flash Appeal is 17 February and it is expected that Bill Clinton will be leading the launch. Continued advocacy is essential to ensuring that the needs of the education sector are met in this second phase of appeals. The Global Cluster Unit has developed an advocacy brief, available here. For any comments or further information please contact Colette Murphy: email@example.com.
Information, Advocacy and Resources
Below you will find a number of tools, resources and guidance documents. We encourage those of you working on issues related to the Haiti response and recovery to review and draw upon these where relevant. Please also refer to the resources provided in the last listserv message[LINK], which included the INEE Minimum Standards and the INEE Guidance Notes on Safer School Construction.
In addition, please note that the INEE Blog has three opinion pieces relating to issues of concern in Haiti:
- Don’t Overlook People With Disabilities in Haiti by Dale Buscher, Women’s Refugee Commission
- Haiti: When will we go back to school? by Charlotte Balfour-Poole, Save the Children UK
- Mind the Girls: How to Take Care of the Adolescent Girls in Haiti by Ruth Levine, Center for Global Development (also available in French)
Please take a look, comment, and suggest additional resources that might be useful for colleagues working to ensure children and youth affected by the earthquake in Haiti have access to safe and quality education.
Relevant Tools, Resources and News Stories
Mental Health and Psychosocial Support
IASC Guidance Note for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support: Haiti Earthquake Emergency Response – January 2010
In addition to the IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings, the IASC Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Reference Group has issued a Guidance Note with specific information relevant for those responding in Haiti. Click here to download this document.
Mental Health in Haiti: A Literature Review
Please find attached a literature review commissioned by the World Health Organisation on what is known about mental health in Haiti before the earthquake. This work was undertaken by McGill University: Laurence Kirmayer and colleagues. WHO recommends this paper as essential reading for any non-Haitian working on mental health and psychosocial support after the earthquake in order to avoid harm, ineffective programming or unnecessary information gathering. Download the documenthere.
GUIDELINES: Child Protection Working Group Guiding Principles: Unaccompanied and Separated Children Following the Haiti Earthquake, January 2010
Even during emergencies, all children have a right to a family and families have a right to care for their children. Unaccompanied and separated children should be provided with services aimed at reuniting them with their parents or customary care-givers as quickly as possible. Interim care should be consistent with the aim of family reunification, and should ensure children’s protection and well-being. These principles address key messages and considerations for preventing separation; ensuring identification, tracing and family reunification is prioritized; and facilitating interim care, alternative care and adoption where necessary. Download here.
MANUAL: Handbook on Child Friendly Spaces in Emergencies
Save the Children
This comprehensive handbook provides guidance on a range of issues including establishing Child Friendly Spaces, key activities, monitoring and evaluation and transition and exit. It is available inEnglish and French.
RESEARCH: Emergency Safe Spaces in Haiti and the Solomon Islands
By Josh Madfis, Daryl Martyris and Carl Triplehorn
This paper explores the impact and effectiveness of Safe Spaces interventions for children within two Save the Children emergency responses in 2007: the Republic of Haiti and the Solomon Islands. Click here to download.
Gender Equality in Disasters: Six Principles for Engendered Relief and Reconstruction
The Gender and Disaster Network urges all actors responding to the Haitian earthquake to adopt a gender-responsive approach that builds on women’s capacities and resources while reflecting the gender-specific needs of women and men, boys and girls. We offer these resources for planning and advocacy and a better understanding of the need for gender-aware approaches to disaster risk management. Available in English and soon in Creole.
Gender ABC in the Haiti Emergency
Provides a quick three step “how to” on addressing gender issues in Haiti, including practical instructions of ways to integrate gender in the various sectors of disaster re sponse. Available inEnglish, French, Spanish, Creole.
Gender Briefing Kit for Field Staff
Contains information on gender relations in Haiti before and after the earthquake as well as contact information for key women’s organi zations in Port-Au-Prince. Download here.
Preventing Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Flyer
A list of necessary measures hu manitarian aid must take into account to prevent exploitation and abuse of women and girls. Also contains links to other prevention resources. Available in English andFrench.
INEE Pocket Guide to Inclusive Education
This Pocket Guide is for anyone working to provide, manage or support education services in emergencies, and offers practical actions that stakeholders in education in an emergency can take to improve inclusion. Download this document in English here. A French version will soon be available.
Lessons Learned Documentation
ALNAP’s Haiti Learning and Accountability Forum – click here.
ALNAP’s ‘responding to earthquakes’ lessons paper – download here.
ALNAP’s lessons paper on ‘responding to urban disasters’ – download here.
Overseas Development Insititute blog on the Haiti catastrophe: lessons learned from previous disasters – click here.
IRC summary of lessons learned and essential questions for the Haiti earthquake, January 2010- download here.