|Practitioners’ Portal on Human Rights Based Approaches|
|(UN reported in INEE bi monthly newsletter)
Funded by the Action 2 Interagency programme on Human Rights and implemented by the UNDP Oslo Governance Centre, the Practitioners Portal brings together a wide range of resources on integrating human rights-based approaches (HRBA) into development programming.
The portal focuses on providing strategic and practical tools on integrating HRBA into programming and is designed to complement existing resources on broader human rights issues. It offers access to:
For access to the practitioners portal, please click here.
Please note that the site is a work in progress and will be continuously updated and improved. Any suggestions on improvements are appreciated. Please direct comments or requests for general information to Sarah Rattray, the HuriTALK facilitator, at email@example.com.
|Youth-led Reporting from Copenhagen Summit|
|(Plan International reported in the INEE bi monthly newsletter
A group of 11 youth reporters from the UK, Indonesia, Kenya, Sweden and the Netherlands, supported by Plan International, attended the COP15 summit in December 2009. The young journalists had the opportunity to creatively and widely share their views on climate change via traditional and new media. They attended press conferences and interviewed key delegates from across the world, including Desmond Tutu, John Holmes, Wangari Maathai, and several presidents, scientists and activists.
According to Nick Hall, Plan UK’s Disaster Risk Reduction manager, “the young journalists asked smart, pointed questions and got the sort of answers that adult reporters often can only dream of. Who knows whether they’ve made a difference to the deal being thrashed out here, but they certainly have got to places and people demanding answers about their future that adult activists and reporters won’t have managed.”
It is important that the voices of children be part of the debate in Copenhagen. The effects of climate change on children are different than for adults – in particular for children’s survival, development and protection. Policies and strategies need to recognize this difference. Governments cannot hope to achieve the Millennium Development Goals unless they enable adaptation to climate change. In doing so, they must respond specifically to the needs and rights of children. For today’s children climate change means their future prospects – their employment options, their health, their chances of engaging in conflict over national resources and their rights and ability to adapt – are more uncertain than ever before.
For access to an interview with a youth reporter from Kenya and the Kenyan Minister of Environment, please click here.
To read some of the articles by the youth reporters, please click here.
New Years Resolutions -can become New Year’s Revolutions for some!
With little time but a will to take action, no matter how small there is a growing list of ‘click and give’ sites where charity sponsors provide a site where people just have to click a button and the sponsor will do the rest.
Seems simple but if it provides a little help somewhere then its worth a try along with all the other things we do.
How it works: The original of these is the TheHungerSite. Go there, click the special link on the homepage and it’s prominently-displayed sponsors donate a cup of staple foodstuff to someone starving.
Others: There’s also TheBreastCancerSite, Your click on the “Click Here to Give – it’s FREE” button helps fund free mammograms for women in need — low-income, inner-city and minority women whose awareness of breast cancer and opportunity for help is often limited. Your click is paid for by site sponsors, and mammogram funding is provided to clinics throughout the U.S. through the efforts of the National Breast Cancer Foundation.
On average, over 80,000 individuals from around the world visit the site each day to click the “Click Here to Give – it’s FREE” button. To date, more than 87 million visitors have helped provide more than 1.6 million books to children who need them the most.
Full info in the Guide: Feed The Starving for Free
Or what about volunteering?
What about going a little more green in 2010: check out treehugger
Readers’ International Day of Climate Action Photos
Readers’ Composting & Vermicomposting Systems
Readers’ Best Refashioned Clothing Projects
Readers’ Commuter Bike Photos
Readers’ Most Interesting Farmers Market Finds
Readers’ Edible Container Gardens
Readers’ Eco-Vacation Photos: Hiking, Biking, Camping, and More
and while staying green -what about cutting your own carbon emissions by 10% during 2010?
10:10 is an ambitious project to unite every sector of British society behind one simple idea: that by working together we can achieve a 10% cut in the UK’s carbon emissions in 2010.
and schools can join in too-
Joining 10:10 makes your school or university part of the solution to climate change. The aim is to reduce emissions by 10% in one year – or as close as you can get. By reducing emissions you’ll be cutting costs and at the same time leading the way on the defining issue of our age.
For more ways to get involved, join up to the 10:10 Schools Ning and get help and advice cutting your school’s carbon emissions.
The 10:10 Schools Ning is a good source of further information and if you post a question, other people in the e-community can help answer it. As well as experienced teachers and headteachers, there are energy experts and other experts who can help you cut your carbon.
You can also request free 10:10 stickers, checklists and buy 10:10 tags through our delivery partner
To request free stickers and checklist please email firstname.lastname@example.org
To buy tags please go to the ActionAid shop at www.actionaid.org.uk/schools-shop
BBC news provided the key points of the less than unanimous deal
Copenhagen deal: Key points
|A US-led initiative called the Copenhagen Accord has formed the centre-piece of a deal at UN climate talks in Copenhagen, despite some countries’ opposition.
Below is an explanation of the main points in the agreement.
LEGAL STATUSThe Accord, reached between the US, China, India, Brazil and South Africa, contains no reference to a legally binding agreement, as some developing countries and climate activists wanted.
Neither is there a deadline for transforming it into a binding deal, though UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said it needed to be turned into a legally binding treaty next year.
The accord was merely “recognised” by the 193 nations at the Copenhagen summit, rather than approved, which would have required unanimous support. It is not clear whether it is a formal UN deal.
TEMPERATURE RISEThe text recognises the need to limit global temperatures rising no more than 2C (3.6F) above pre-industrial levels.
The language in the text shows that 2C is not a formal target, just that the group “recognises the scientific view that” the temperature increase should be held below this figure.
However, the accord does not identify a year by which carbon emissions should peak, a position resisted by some richer developing nations.
Countries are asked to spell out by 1 February next year their pledges for curbing carbon emissions by 2020. The deal does not spell out penalties for any country that fails to meet its promise.
FINANCIAL AIDThe deal promises to deliver $30bn (£18.5bn) of aid for developing nations over the next three years. It outlines a goal of providing $100bn a year by 2020 to help poor countries cope with the impacts of climate change.
The accord says the rich countries will jointly mobilise the $100bn, drawing on a variety of sources: “public and private, bilateral and multilateral, including alternative sources of finance.”
A green climate fund will also be established under the deal. It will support projects in developing countries related to mitigation, adaptation, “capacity building” and technology transfer.
EMISSIONS TRANSPARENCYThe pledges of rich countries will come under “rigorous, robust and transparent” scrutiny under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
In the accord, developing countries will submit national reports on their emissions pledges under a method “that will ensure that national sovereignty is respected.”
Pledges on climate mitigation measures seeking international support will be recorded in a registry.
REVIEW OF PROGRESSThe implementation of the Copenhagen Accord will be reviewed by 2015. This will take place about a year-and-a-half after the next scientific assessment of the global climate by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
However, if, in 2015, delegates wanted to adopt a new, lower target on global average temperature, such as 1.5C rather than 2C, it would be too late.
Now that the political machinations have reached a hiatus at the end of COP15 -It is worth looking at the BBCs Heat Maps as temperature targets of 1.5 and 2 degrees C were mentioned.
An average global temperature rise of 2C will cause major problems in many parts of the world, but is considered relatively safe compared with the impacts associated with a rise of 4C.
And what about sea levels….
The majority of the current global average sea level rise of about 3mm each year is from the thermal expansion of the oceans.
As greenhouse gases become more concentrated, more heat energy is trapped in the atmosphere. This energy is absorbed by the world’s oceans, causing it to warm and expand.
Another contributor is melt water from mountain glaciers. Data shows that, on average, snow and ice cover in the world’s mountain ranges have declined.
The run-off increases the volume of water flowing into rivers and lakes, which in turn ends up in the seas.
One of the latest assessments suggest that sea levels are likely to rise by about 1.4m (4ft 6in) globally by 2100 as polar ice melts.
However, there are big question marks over how much the vast polar ice sheets, which have the potential to have a catastrophic impact, will contribute to future sea level rise.
The world’s three ice sheets – Greenland, West Antarctic and East Antarctic – are vast bodies of ice, containing billions of tonnes of frozen water.
At present, their contribution to average sea level rise is relatively small. However, they are projected to become key drivers.
In its benchmark Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projected a sea level rise of up to 43cm by 2100.
However, it acknowledged that it could not predict how the ice sheets would respond to a warming world.
Leading up to the publication of the AR4, researchers had gathered evidence of glaciers in Greenland and parts of the Antarctic were flowing more quickly, feeding more ice into the oceans, which could translate into faster sea level rise.
Since 2007, there have been more much more research into the dynamics of the ice sheets, resulting in a number of updated projections.
By the end of the century, it projected, the sheet will probably have lost enough ice alone to raise sea levels globally by “tens of centimetres”.
It added that the Antarctic Peninsula – the strip of land that points towards the southern tip of South America – has warmed by about 3C over the last 50 years, the fastest rise seen anywhere in the southern hemisphere.
But the rest of the continent has remained largely immune from the global trend of rising temperatures.
Indeed, the continent’s largest portion, East Antarctica, appears to have cooled, bringing a 10% increase in the sea ice extent since 1980.
Other observers project a global average sea level increase of about one metre by 2100.
But there is a scientific consensus that the IPCC’s 2007 projection of 43cm was too conservative.
However, for many people the debate over the extent of future rises are academic.
Leaders of small island nations – especially in the South Pacific – are fearful for the fate of their populations.
Even a small increase will result in the small islands disappearing beneath the waves.
Continue on the BBC site to look at how water resources may be limited during the next century…
From the cop15 website
COP15 – day 12 roundup
The last day of the UN climate conference in Copenhagen ended with a group of countries including the US and China agreeing a deal which the EU early Saturday described as “not perfect” but “better than no deal”.
Michael von Bülow 19/12/2009 02:10
While the head of China’s climate delegation thought “everyone should be happy”, it was uncertain late Friday night whether the “Copenhagen Accord” agreed by the US, China, South Africa and India would win broader support among countries. Read more
According to a senior Obama administration official the United States, China, India and South Africa have reached a “meaningful agreement” on climate change Friday evening. Read more
In a newly written draft named the “Copenhagen Accord” a 2010-deadline for reaching a legally binding climate treaty has been dropped, Reuters reported Friday afternoon. Read more
Venezuela’s President Hugo Chávez criticized the UN climate conference for “a real lack of transparency”. Read more
The European Union makes clear it is ready to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent by 2020 compared to 1990 levels – if the US and China “do their part”. Read more
“Our ability to take collective action is in doubt,” US President Barack Obama warned the plenary at COP15. Read more
As the first developing country, Brazil offers to contribute to the finance mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol – if an agreement is reached in Copenhagen Friday, says President Lula. Read more
The UN climate talks were in serious disarray Friday, prompting President Barack Obama to upend his schedule and hold close-door talks with 19 other world leaders to work out a last-minute agreement on fighting global warming. Read more
The world’s two largest emerging economies both respond positively to a call from US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton. “We are 75 percent underway with a solution,” says Indian minister. Read more
The Copenhagen summit to stop the climate crisis is at risk of failing. Only massive public pressure can save it.
Over the year, TckTckTck have been working with over 250 global NGO’s. Over 12 million people have already come together in nearly every country on earth to show their support for a climate deal, now. Please sign our giant petition. If you’ve already signed, now is the time to forward it to all your friends. We need to get to 15 million supporters by the weekend to make leaders listen.
Today, the world’s leaders have arrived for an unprecedented 60 hours of direct negotiations. Experts agree that without a tidal wave of public pressure for a deal, the summit will not stop catastrophic global warming of 2 degrees.
Click here to sign the petition for a real deal in Copenhagen — we already have a staggering 12 million supporters – let’s make it the largest petition in history in the next 72 hours! Every single name is actually being read out at the summit — sign on and be part of history. Forward this email to everyone!
Our partners have teams meeting daily with negotiators inside the summit who will organize a spectacular petition delivery to world leaders as they arrive, building a giant wall of boxes of names and reading out the names of every person who signs. With the largest petition in history, leaders will have no doubt that the whole world is watching.
Millions watched our vigil inside the summit on TV on the weekend, where Archbishop Desmond Tutu told hundreds of delegates and assembled children:
“We marched in Berlin, and the wall fell.
We marched for South Africa, and apartheid fell.
We marched at Copenhagen — and we WILL get a Real Deal.”
Copenhagen is seeking the biggest mandate in history to stop the greatest threat humanity has ever faced. History will be made in the next few days. How will our children remember this moment? Let’s tell them we did all we could.
Please sign the petition, or at any number of our partner’s websites including Avaaz, Oxfam, Greenpeace (who are running campaigns in over two dozen countries), and dozens of others. Use our tell-a-friend tool, or spread the word on Facebook, Twitter, or your other social networks.
If you’ve been waiting for the one thing you can do that might impact the negotiations, this is it!