Protecting children…in Gaza and beyond.

Protecting children in a situation of ongoing conflict: Is resilience sufficient as the end product?
Ritesh Shah, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction

This paper, using the case study of Gaza Strip within the Occupied Palestinian Territories, suggests that while programmatic interventions focussed on supporting the resilience of children and the institutional networks of support on which these children rely may deliver short-term benefits, a restoration of the status quo or the effective adjustment of these individuals and institutions to a new state of normalcy may be ineffective and counter-productive in the medium to long-term.

Click here to read the full paper.


Resilience – some new resources

There is growing evidence of the need to strengthen the resilience of education systems. Including crisis prevention and peacebuilding measures in educational policy and planning is one mechanism for achieving this. If the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals are to be truly sustainable, conflict and disaster risk reduction must be embedded in sector policies, plans and budgets. 

New Website with  Resources on Education for Safety, Resilience and Social Cohesion


As part of a programme of collaboration to promote education for safety, resilience and social cohesion in education sector planning and curricula between the UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP) and the Protect Education in Insecurity and Conflict programme (PEIC, Qatar), members of the PEIC – IIEP Advisory Group (including GPE, Kenya MoEST, NORAD, Uganda MoES, UNICEF HQ, UNICEF WCARO, UNICEF EAPRO, USAID) met at UNICEF Headquarters in New York City from 5 to 6 March 2015.

During the first phase of this programme, an online repository of documents and a website was produced. This website exists in both English and French, and serves to consolidate and centralize documents related to educational planning for safety, resilience and social cohesion. It also includes resources on curriculum for learning to live together and disaster risk reduction. The website was developed with crisis contexts in mind, and uses relatively simple technology to ensure that individuals in even the most remote locations can access the site. It is important to note that the Resources page of the website is linked to an online database of approximately 400 documents which are searchable by theme (planning or curriculum), a series of keywords, country, resource type, organization and language.

Click to access the new website.

Reaching Resilience – a new game

Reported in the INEE newsletter:

Game Report: Reaching Resilience

“Reaching Resilience,” a game developed by CARE International, Urgence Réhabilitation Dévelopement (Groupe URD) and the Wageningen University, uses a fun method to teach the concept and challenges of resilience and the questions it raises. The aim is to increase the player’s capacity to cope with hazards and shocks through increased interaction between actors involved in the different fields of disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change adaptation (CCA) and poverty reduction (PR). Videos providing an overview of the context of each case study (DDR, CCA and PR) can be found here, and the Reaching Resilience handbook can be found here. The game, available in English and French, is short and simple to understand.

For more information about Reaching Resilience, click here. To either download the game or play online, click here

Using resilience to support education policy in emergency and crisis

From the INEE newsletter:

Closing the gap: Using resilience to support education policy in emergency and crisis
Jo Kelcey, Education Specialist, World Bank 

The fifth domain of the INEE Minimum Standards focuses on law and policy formulation and planning and implementation. Yet, in emergency contexts, providing structural and institutionally focused support for these processes is often easier said than done. In particular the question of how to better bridge the humanitarian and development agendas continues to preoccupy practitioners.

Although we benefit from a wealth of good practice and concrete guidance on how to promote the right to education in contexts of emergency and as well as strategies to enhance preparedness and prevention, the question of how to institutionalise this within more traditional ‘development’ structures and policies is arguably less well explored.

To read more on the Education Resilience Approaches to support education policy in emergency and crisis, please click here.

Ecology and Society – including research on education and resilience.

A number of interesting articles appear in Ecology and Society volume 18, No 2.

Take article 18 –

Education, Vulnerability, and Resilience after a Natural Disaster (Elizabeth Frankenberg , Bondan Sikoki , Cecep Sumantri , Wayan Suriastini  and Duncan Thomas)

 Their key conclusion to a study on the links between education and resilience in Indonesia was :

Five years after the tsunami, the better educated were in better psycho-social health than those with less education. In sum, education is associated with higher levels of resilience over the longer term.

This article can be accessed :

Education, Vulnerability, and Resilience after a Natural Disaster

Elizabeth Frankenberg, Bondan Sikoki, Cecep Sumantri, Wayan Suriastini, and Duncan Thomas
HTML  Abstract    ES-2012-5377.pdfDownload Citation



It is worth considering how your work in education builds reilience in individuals and communities and ‘future proofs’ them in emergencies. Climate change is likely to increase the need for better preparedness for emergencies such as flooding.


For more articles from this journal:


New Issue Announcement

Volume 18, Issue 2| June 2013

Editors-in-Chief Carl Folke and Lance Gunderson are pleased to announce the publication of Volume 18, Issue 2 of Ecology and Society. This issue sees the closure of the following special feature: 1) Law and Social-Ecological Resilience, Part I, Contributions from Resilience 2011 edited by Ahjond Garmestani, Craig Allen, and Melinda Harm Benson. We are also pleased to publish the first manuscripts in the following special features: 1)Heterogeneity and Resilience of Human-Rangifer Systems: A CircumArctic Synthesis edited by Gary Kofinas, 2) Cooperation, Local Communities, and Marine Social-Ecological Systems: New Findings from Latin Americaedited by Henrik Österblom and Sebastian Villasante, 3) Exploring Opportunities for Advancing Collaborative Adaptive Management (CAM): Integrating Experience and Practice edited by Jim Berkley and David Galat, 4)Beyond Carbon: Enabling Justice and Equity in REDD+ Across Levels of Governance edited by Heike Schroeder, Thomas Sikor, and Constance McDermott, and 5) A Framework for Analyzing, Comparing, and Diagnosing Social-Ecological Systems edited by Pieter Bots, Maja Schlüter, and Jan Sendzimir.

To read the full text of the articles in these features, or to access all other articles published in this issue, please see the table of contents below.

Table of Contents: Volume 18, Issue 2 
Special feature manuscripts are accompanied by a link (sf) which may be clicked to view the full table of contents for that Special Feature.


Guest Editorial


Can Law Foster Social-Ecological Resilience?

Ahjond S. Garmestani, Craig R. Allen, and Melinda H. Benson


Seasonal Climate Variation and Caribou Availability: Modeling Sequential Movement Using Satellite-Relocation Data

Craig Nicolson, Matthew Berman, Colin Thor West, Gary P. Kofinas, Brad Griffith, Don Russell, and Darcy Dugan
Resilience and Administrative Law

Derek Armitage
Using Traditional Ecological Knowledge to Improve Holistic Fisheries Management: Transdisciplinary Modeling of a Lagoon Ecosystem of Southern Mexico

Alejandro Espinoza-Tenorio, Matthias Wolff, Ileana Espejel, and Gabriela Montaño-Moctezuma
Aligning Key Concepts for Global Change Policy: Robustness, Resilience, and Sustainability

John M Anderies, Carl Folke, Brian Walker, and Elinor Ostrom
Engaging Local Communities in Low Emissions Land-Use Planning: a Case Study from Laos

Jeremy Bourgoin, Jean-Christophe Castella, Cornelia Hett, Guillaume Lestrelin, and Andreas Heinimann
EU Water Governance: Striking the Right Balance between Regulatory Flexibility and Enforcement?

Olivia O Green, Ahjond S. Garmestani, Helena F. M. W. van Rijswick, and Andrea M. Keessen
Uncommon among the Commons? Disentangling the Sustainability of the Peruvian Anchovy Fishery

Milena Arias Schreiber and Andrew Halliday
Complexity of Stakeholder Interaction in Applied Research

Caroline Pade-Khene, Rebecca Luton, Tarina Jordaan, Sandra Hildbrand, Cecile Gerwel Proches, Andile Sitshaluza, James Dominy, Wonga Ntshinga, and Nosipho Moloto
Innovation in Management Plans for Community Conserved Areas: Experiences from Australian Indigenous Protected Areas

Jocelyn Davies, Rosemary Hill, Fiona J Walsh, Marcus Sandford, Dermot Smyth, and Miles C Holmes
The Role of Indigenous Ecological Knowledge in Managing Rangelands Sustainably in Northern Iran

Mehdi Ghorbani, Hossein Azarnivand, Ali Akbar Mehrabi, Mohammad Jafari, Hooshang Nayebi, and Klaus Seeland
Education as a Determinant of Response to Cyclone Warnings: Evidence from Coastal Zones in India

Upasna Sharma, Anand Patwardhan, and Anthony G Patt
Preferences of Local People for the Use of Peatlands: the Case of the Richest Peatland Region in Finland

Anne Tolvanen, Artti Juutinen, and Rauli Svento
Equity, Power Games, and Legitimacy: Dilemmas of Participatory Natural Resource Management

Cecile Barnaud and Annemarie Van Paassen
Comparing Global Coordination Mechanisms on Energy, Environment, and Water

Susanne Schubert and Joyeeta Gupta
Resilience in Transboundary Water Governance: the Okavango River Basin

Olivia O. Green, Barbara A. Cosens, and Ahjond S. Garmestani
Intermediate Collaborative Adaptive Management Strategies Build Stakeholder Capacity

Martha C. Monroe, Richard Plate, and Annie Oxarart
The Patronage of Thirst: Exploring Institutional Fit on a Divided Cyprus

Dimitrios Zikos and Matteo Roggero
The Role of Economic and Social Factors Driving Predator Control in Small-Game Estates in Central Spain

Miguel Delibes-Mateos, Silvia Díaz-Fernández, Pablo Ferreras, Javier Viñuela, and Beatriz Arroyo
A Social–Ecological System Approach to Analyze Stakeholders’ Interactions within a Large-Scale Rangeland Restoration Program

Thorunn Petursdottir, Olafur Arnalds, Susan Baker, Luca Montanarella, and Ása L Aradóttir
Transition Landscapes and Social Networks: Examining On-Gound Community Resilience and its Implications for Policy Settings in Multiscalar Systems

Ruth Beilin, Nicole Tania Reichelt, Barbara Joyce King, Allison Long, and Stephanie Cam
Fostering Complexity Thinking in Action Research for Change in Social–Ecological Systems

Kevin H Rogers, Rebecca Luton, Harry Biggs, Reinette (Oonsie) Biggs, Sonja Blignaut, Aiden G Choles, Carolyn G Palmer, and Pius Tangwe
Understanding the Mechanisms of Collective Decision Making in Ecological Restoration: An Agent-Based Model of Actors and Organizations

Cristy Watkins, Dean Massey, Jeremy Brooks, Kristen Ross, and Moira L. Zellner
Missing Links in Global Water Governance: a Processes-Oriented Analysis

Claudia Pahl-Wostl, Ken Conca, Annika Kramer, Josefina Maestu, and Falk Schmidt
Small Sawmills Persevere While the Majors Close: Evaluating Resilience and Desirable Timber Allocation in British Columbia, Canada

Evelyn W Pinkerton and Jordan Benner
Cultivating Communication: Participatory Approaches in Land Restoration in Iceland

Brita Berglund, Lars Hallgren, and Ása L. Aradóttir
Long-Term Forest Dynamics and Land-Use Abandonment in the Mediterranean Mountains, Corsica, France

Almudena San Roman Sanz, Catherine Fernandez, Florent Mouillot, Lila Ferrat, Daniel Istria, and Vanina Pasqualini
Equity and REDD+ in the Media: a Comparative Analysis of Policy Discourses

Monica Di Gregorio, Maria Brockhaus, Tim Cronin, Efrian Muharrom, Levania Santoso, Sofi Mardiah, and Mirjam Büdenbender
Using Artificial Neural Networks for the Analysis of Social-Ecological Systems

Ulrich J. Frey and Hannes Rusch
Modeling Social-Ecological Feedback Effects in the Implementation of Payments for Environmental Services in Pasture-Woodlands

Robert Huber, Simon Briner, Alexander Peringer, Stefan Lauber, Roman Seidl, Alexander Widmer, François Gillet, Alexandre Buttler, Quang Bao Le, and Christian Hirschi
Combining Policy Network and Model-Based Scenario Analyses: An Assessment of Future Ecosystem Goods and Services in Swiss Mountain Regions

Christian Hirschi, Alexander Widmer, Simon Briner, and Robert Huber
Constructing Consistent Multiscale Scenarios by Transdisciplinary Processes: the Case of Mountain Regions Facing Global Change

Fridolin Simon Brand, Roman Seidl, Quang Bao Le, Julia Maria Brändle, and Roland Werner Scholz
Communication in Natural Resource Management: Agreement between and Disagreement within Stakeholder Groups

Wouter de Nooy
The Concept of Resilience from a Normative Perspective: Examples from Dutch Adaptation Strategies

Andrea M. Keessen, Jurrien M. Hamer, Helena F. M. W. Van Rijswick, and Mark Wiering



Vulnerability to Weather Disasters: the Choice of Coping Strategies in Rural Uganda

Jennifer F Helgeson, Simon Dietz, and Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler
Emergence of Global Adaptive Governance for Stewardship of Regional Marine Resources

Henrik Österblom and Carl Folke
Analyzing the Concept of Planetary Boundaries from a Strategic Sustainability Perspective: How Does Humanity Avoid Tipping the Planet?

Karl-Henrik Robèrt, Göran I Broman, and George Basile
Developing Adaptive Capacity to Droughts: the Rationality of Locality

Lisa W. Welsh, Joanna Endter-Wada, Rebekah Downard, and Karin M. Kettenring
A Policy Analysis Perspective on Ecological Restoration

Susan Baker and Katarina Eckerberg
Perceiving and Responding to Gradual Landscape Change at the Community Level: Insights from a Case Study on Agricultural Abandonment in the Black Forest, Germany

Claudia Bieling



REDD+ for the poor or the poor for REDD+? About the limitations of environmental policies in the Amazon and the potential of achieving environmental goals through pro-poor policies

Benno Pokorny, Imme Scholz, and Wil de Jong
An Operational Framework for Defining and Monitoring Forest Degradation

Ian D Thompson, Manuel R. Guariguata, Kimiko Okabe, Carlos Bahamondez, Robert Nasi, Victoria Heymell, and Cesar Sabogal
Framing Sustainability in a Telecoupled World

Jianguo Liu, Vanessa Hull, Mateus Batistella, Ruth DeFries, Thomas Dietz, Feng Fu, Thomas W. Hertel, R. Cesar Izaurralde, Eric F. Lambin, Shuxin Li, Luiz A. Martinelli, William J. McConnell, Emilio F. Moran, Rosamond Naylor, Zhiyun Ouyang, Karen R. Polenske, Anette Reenberg, Gilberto de Miranda Rocha, Cynthia S. Simmons, Peter H. Verburg, Peter M. Vitousek, Fusuo Zhang, and Chunquan Zhu
Resilience Thinking and a Decision-Analytic Approach to Conservation: Strange Bedfellows or Essential Partners?

Fred A Johnson, B. Ken Williams, and James D Nichols
HTML  Abstract    ES-2012-5544.pdfDownload Citation


Ecology and Society is published by the Resilience Alliance. For more information about Resilience Alliance publishing, please contact

Staying Alive and Well: Child Health and Disaster Risk Reduction

With so much money being spent on arms and military around the world it seems inconceivable that we have to wonder how we can keep children alive and well.

INEE has posted information relating to a report by Save the Children on Child Health and Disaster Risk Reduction.

Staying Alive and Well: Child Health and Disaster Risk Reduction

(Save the Children)

How we can keep children safe, before and after disaster strikes.Children are particularly vulnerable to disasters. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is any activity carried out by a village, community, aid agency or government that helps to prepare for, mitigate, adapt to or increase resilience towards the impact of disasters.

This paper provides guidance to encourage policy-makers and health professions to integrate disaster risk reduction into their health policies and programmes in order to safeguard children.


The full report is available here

Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society – 2012

INEE has posted the highlights from  the 56th annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) which was held  in April 2012 in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Education in emergencies, and INEE, were well represented in several panel presentations, including a review of the INEE Minimum Standards assessment, education in emergencies research, protecting education from attack, and the relationship between education and state fragility/resilience.

Some examples of the presentations are listed below:


4. A synthesis of agency work on education and conflict, Powerpoint presentation by Mary Joy Pigozzi, FHI 360 (2012)
5. Conflict Sensitive Education for Whom? The Criticality of Youth, Powerpoint presentation by Kurt D. Moses, FHI 360 (2012)