World Teachers’ Day is held annually to commemorate the anniversary of the signing in 1966 of the UNESCO/ILO Recommendation Concerning the Status of Teachers. It is an occasion to celebrate the essential role of teachers in providing quality education at all levels. This year World Teachers’ Day is putting the spotlight on the global teacher shortage and the challenges of being a teacher today.
It is particularly important to recognize the commitment of teachers who work in particularly difficult conditions, such as in refugee camps, emergency situations and places involved in conflict. I remember while working in Colombia, when teachers from communities who were being attacked on both sides ,from FARC and from military forces, and their lives were at risk. I asked how can you keep teaching under those conditions. They replied,”because we love the children”. We must remember also those teachers trying to teach in places such as Afghanistan ,encouraging girls to be educated and then tortured or killed because they try to keep the school open.
INEE tries to ensure that teachers are adequately supported while working in such conditions and provides resources and guidance for governments and NGOs. The following appears on the website of INEE.
Along with structures, supplies, curricula and furniture, appropriately qualified teachers are critical for the provision of quality, relevant and protective education. In emergency situations or during transition and recovery, teachers not only enable children to continue learning but they also provide life-saving information and serve as a source of reassurance and routine for children and the wider community. Yet a global total of 10.3 million teachers need to be recruited between 2007 and 2015 and the areas most desperately in need of teachers are those affected by or recovering from crisis, fragility and displacement (for more info, see here)
The INEE Secretariat presented on the issue of teacher support and compensation on 28 September, on behalf of the network, at the Tenth Session of the Joint ILO/UNESCO Committee of Experts on the Application of the Recommendations concerning Teaching Personnel (CEART) in Paris, France. The presentation allowed INEE to share information from members around the world about how crises are affecting teacher support and compensation and how that in turn negatively impacts upon quality and protective education. The INEE Secretariat then presented on the good practices contained in the INEE Guidance Notes on Teacher Compensationin Fragile States, Situations of Displacement and Post-Conflict Recovery (INEE Guidance Notes on Teacher Compensation), which were developed in a widely consultative manner under the leadership of an interagency advisory group (INEE Secretariat, International Rescue Committee, Save the Children Alliance, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNICEF, Women’s Refugee Commission) with inputs from consultations and case studies prepared by INEE members working in Afghanistan, the DRC, Ethiopia, Guinea, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, the Thai-Burma border and Uganda. The INEE Secretariat advocated that the Committee of Experts utilize the guidance within this tool to inform the application and monitoring of the 1966 ILO/UNESCO Recommendation as it relates to issues of teacher remuneration, support and teaching and learning conditions in crisis and post-crisis settings.
INEE is pleased to highlight the fact that a standardised PowerPoint and targeted User’s Guides on the Teacher Compensation Guidance Notes have been developed for:
These User’s Guides explain why the INEE Guidance Notes are relevant for each of these actors and how they can be utilized; it also shares relevant lessons learnt for those preparing to use this tool. These tools will support INEE member and partner discussion and action on teacher support and compensation issues, including when specifically introducing the INEE Guidance Notes on Teacher Compensation to a new audience. All these resources, and more information about INEE’s Teacher Compensation Initiative can be found here: www.ineesite.org/teachercomp
Apart from these guides, we take this opportunity to highlight a number of other tools, resources and websites below that we hope you will find useful, and might be of particular interest as we celebrate the work of teachers worldwide.
INEE Minimum Standards Toolkit Thematic Guide on Teachers and other Education Personnel To help contextualise the good practice guidance within the INEE Minimum Standards, this Thematic Tool Guide contains practical field-friendly tools, guidelines, checklists, case studies and good practices linked to specific Minimum Standards relating to how to train, manage, compensate and monitor teachers and other education personnel, providing them with the necessary materials, support and supervision. Download here.
INEE Guidance Notes on Teacher Compensationin Fragile States, Situations of Displacement and Post-Conflict Recovery (INEE Guidance Notes on Teacher Compensation)
These Guidance Notes, available in English, French, Spanish and Arabic, provide guidance on the policy, coordination, management and financial aspects of teacher compensation, but also on teacher motivation, support and supervision. Download here.
Teachers Under Threat Podcast
As part of the Beyond School Books podcast series on education in emergencies and post crisis transition and in recognition of World Teachers’ Day, Amy Costello speaks with Dr Mario Novelli, Lecturer in International Development at the University of Amsterdam and Mr. Sunai Phasuk, Thailand and Burma researcher in Human Rights Watch’s Asia division, about targeted attacks on teachers in Colombia and southern Thailand, and the devastating impact this is having on the education of children. Listen from here.
Education International World Teachers’ Day page and poster
Education International represents nearly 30 million teachers and education workers operating in 172 countries and territories, from pre-school to university. As the world’s largest Global Union Federation, Education International works to protect the rights of every teacher and education worker, and every student they educate. Download here.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics Information Sheet on Global Demand for Teachers
A brief on the number of teachers needed worldwide. Download here. Please note that, according to UNESCO, by the end of the week a technical paper on the Teacher Gap will be available at www.uis.unesco.org/publications/teachers2009
In addition, there are a number of relevant reports available on the INEE Teacher Compensation webpage under the Related Resources Box, including:
- Listen to the Teachers: Education in Rural Africa
- Meeting EFA: Afghanistan Home-Based Schools
- Leveraging Learning: Revitalizing Education in Post-Conflict Liberia
- Teaching Well? Educational reconstruction efforts and support to teachers in postwar Liberia
- Managing Teachers: The centrality of teacher management to quality education. Lessons from developing world
World Teacher’s Day website: http://www.unesco.org/en/teacher-education/advocacy/world-teachers-day/
Education International: http://www.ei-ie.org/en/index.php
Joint ILO/UNESCO Committee of Experts on the Application of the Recommendations concerning Teaching Personnel (CEART): http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/techmeet/ceart
UNESCO Teacher Training Initiative for Sud-Saharan Africa (TISSA): www.unesco.org/en/teacher-education
EFA Working Group on Teachers: http://www.unesco.org/en/efa-international-coordination/international-cooperation/task-force-on-teachers/
UNICEF http://www.unicef.org/teachers Handbooks for Teachers & Educators
- Child Protection
- Compendium on Quality in Basic Education